Introducing Iran

Iran officially the Islamic Republic of Iran,is a large country in the Middle East.The 18th-largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), Iran is an ethnically diverse country and has a population of around 77 million.Iranians are not Arabs and their primary language is Farsi(Persian). Referring to them as "Arabs" in general conversation may irritate them. Iranians are very proud of their history, nationality and country and are highly sensitive to it.Iran has over 4,000 years of written history and organised civilisation. Iran also borders Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey and Iraq, and shares its 740 km coast line Caspian Sea with Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Russia.Tehran is the capital, the country's most populous city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation.
Iran has many people other than ethnic Persians. The northwestern region, Azerbaijan, is largely populated by Azeris, who are ethnically and linguistically related to Turkish.Other regions are mostly Kurds in parts of west and Baluchis in parts of southeast. There are also Armenians, Arabs, and last but not least Jews, who have been living in Iran peacefully for years.

 

Landscape

Rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts. The highest point is Mount Damavand (5,610 m). Desert: Two great deserts extend over much of central Iran: the Dasht-e Lut is covered largely with sand and rocks, and the Dasht-e Kavir is covered mainly with salt. Both deserts are inhospitable and virtually uninhabited. Mountain: The Zagros range stretches from the border with the Republic of Armenia in the north-west to the Persian Gulf, and then eastward into Baluchistan. Zagros is extremely hard, difficult to access, and populated largely by pastoral nomads. The Alborz mountain range, narrower than the Zagros, runs along the southern shore of the Caspian to meet the border ranges of Khorasan to the east. Forest: Approximately 11 percent of Iran is forested, most extensively in the Caspian region. Here one finds the broad-leafed, vigorous deciduous trees, usually oak, beech, linden, elm, walnut, ash, and hornbeam, as well as a few broad-leafed evergreens. Thorny

shrubs and fern also abound.The narrow Caspian coastal plain, in contrast, is covered with rich brown forest soil.

 

Iranian Visa

According to the regulations of the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a Tourist visa is issued for foreign nationals who are interested to travel to Iran.This visa is issued for a maximum stay of 30 days with option of Extensions in Iran.To get the Iranian visa you’re going to need to get a authorization number.Getting this authorization is the most important step in visa application.Your visa authorization number is a 6 or 7 digit number that refers to your specific visa application case. Iranian embassies or consulate around the world would be able to verify this number with their records and the issue your visa.

 

Currency

The rial is the currency of Iran,Although Iranians often express amounts of money and prices of goods in "tomans", however despite the usage of "toman" verbally, amounts of money and prices of goods and services are virtually always written in rials.One toman is equal to ten rials.

 

Carrying money

ATMs in Iran do not accept foreign (non-Iranian) cards,so bring all the money you might need in cash for the duration of your stay, preferably in US dollars or Euros because US dollars and euros are the most useful, and new and large (US$100 or €100 or higher) bills in good condition are preferred and usually get a better rate.

 

Capital

Tehran

Government

Theocratic Republic

Currency

Iranian Rial (IRR)

Area

1.648 million km2

Population

77,356,343(2013 est.)

Language

Persian and Persian dialects more than 60%, Turkish, Turkic and Turkic dialects 20%, Kurdish 10%, Luri 5%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other about 1%

Religion

Muslim 95% (Shi'a 85%, Sunni 10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 5%

Electricity

220V/50Hz (European plug)

 

 

Internet TLD

.ir

Time Zone

UTC+3:30